A People’s History of the United States: 1492 – Present


Since its original landmark publication in 1980, A People’s History of the United States has been chronicling U.S. history from the bottom up.

Known for its lively, clear prose, as well as its scholarly research, A People’s History tells U.S. history from the point of view of — and in the words of — America’s women, factory workers, African-Americans, Native Americans, the working poor, and immigrant laborers. As historian Howard Zinn shows, many of our country’s greatest battles — the fights for a fair wage, an eight-hour workday, child labor laws, health and safety standards, universal suffrage, women’s rights, racial equality — were carried out at the grassroots level against bloody resistance. Covering Christopher Columbus’s arrival through President Clinton’s first term, A People’s History of the United States features insightful analysis of the most important events in our history.

Library Journal calls Howard Zinn’s iconic A People’s History of the United States “a brilliant and moving history of the American people from the point of view of those. . . whose plight has been largely omitted from most histories.” Packed with vivid details and telling quotations, Zinn’s award-winning classic continues to revolutionize the way American history is taught and remembered.

Frequent appearances in popular media like The Sopranos, The Simpsons, Good Will Hunting, and the History Channel documentary The People Speak, testify to Zinn’s ability to bridge the generation gap with enduring insights into the birth, development, and destiny of the nation. [Publisher’s description.]

More than two million copies sold.

The 35th anniversary edition, published in November of 2015, includes a new introduction by Anthony Arnove. He begins,

Howard Zinn fundamentally changed the way millions of people think about history with A People’s History of the United States. He would be the first to say, however, that he didn’t do so alone. The book grew out of his awareness of the importance of social movements throughout U.S. history, some of which he played an active role in during the 1960s and 1970s and beyond, namely the Civil Rights Movement, mass mobilizations to end the Vietnam War, as well as other antiwar movements, and the many movements for higher wages and workers’ rights and the rights of women, Latinos, Native Americans, gays and lesbians, and others.

 

 

Book Preview , 35th Anniversary Edition (2015)

 

Table of Contents

  • Introduction by Anthony Arnove • p. xiii
  • Chapter 1: Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress • p. 1
  • Chapter 2: Drawing the Color Line • p. 23
  • Chapter 3: Persons of Mean and Vile Condition • p. 39
  • Chapter 4: Tyranny Is Tyranny • p. 59
  • Chapter 5: A Kind of Revolution • p. 77
  • Chapter 6: The Intimately Oppressed • p. 103
  • Chapter 7: As Long as Grass Grows or Water Runs • p. 125
  • Chapter 8: We Take Nothing by Conquest, Thank God • p. 149
  • Chapter 9: Slavery Without Submission, Emancipation Without Freedom • p. 171
  • Chapter 10: The Other Civil War • p. 211
  • Chapter 11: Robber Barons and Rebels • p. 253
  • Chapter 12: The Empire and the People • p. 297
  • Chapter 13: The Socialist Challenge • p. 321
  • Chapter 14: War Is the Health of the State • p. 359
  • Chapter 15: Self-help in Hard Times • p. 377
  • Chapter 16: A Peoples War? • p. 407
  • Chapter 17: Or Does It Explode? • p. 443
  • Chapter 18: The Impossible Victory: Vietnam • p. 469
  • Chapter 19: Surprises • p. 503
  • Chapter 20: The Seventies: Under Control? • p. 541
  • Chapter 21: Carter-Reagan-Bush: The Bipartisan Consensus • p. 563
  • Chapter 22: The Unreported Resistance • p. 601
  • Chapter 23: The Coming Revolt of the Guards • p. 631
  • Chapter 24: The Clinton Presidency • p. 643
  • Chapter 25: The 2000 Election and the “War on Terrorism” • p. 675
  • Afterword • p. 683
  • Bibliography • p. 689
  • Index • p. 709

Bibliography

Introduction by Howard Zinn

This book, written in a few years, is based on twenty years of teaching and research in American history, and as many years of involvement in social movements. But it could not have been written without the work of several generations of scholars, and especially the current generation of historians who have done immense work in the history of Blacks, Indians, women, and working people of all kinds. It also could not have been written without the work of many people, not professional historians, who were stimulated by the social struggles around them to put together material about the lives and activities of ordinary people trying to make a better world, or just trying to survive.

To indicate every source of information in the text would have meant a book impossibly cluttered with footnotes, and yet I know the curiosity of the reader about where a startling fact or pungent quote comes from. Therefore, as often as I can, I mention in the text authors and titles of books for which the full information is in this bibliography. Where you cannot tell the source of a quotation right from the text, you can probably figure it out by looking at the asterisked books for that chapter. The asterisked books are those I found especially useful and often indispensable.

I have gone through the following standard scholarly periodicals: American Historical Review, Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Journal of American History, Journal of Southern History, Journal of Negro History, Labor History, William and Mary Quarterly, Phylon, The Crisis, American Political Science Review, Journal of Social History.

Also, some less orthodox but important periodicals for a work like this: Monthly Review, Science and Society, Radical America, Akwesasne Notes, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, The Black Scholar, Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, The Review of Radical Political Economics, Socialist Revolution, Radical History Review.

Chapter 1: Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress

  • Brandon, William. The Last Americans: The Indian in American Culture. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974.
  • Collier, John. Indians of the Americas.  New York: W.W. Norton, 1947. *
  • de las Casas, Bartolome. History of the Indies. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. *
  • Jennings, Francis. The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1975. *
  • Koning, Hans. Columbus: His Enterprise. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1976. *
  • Morgan, Edmund S. American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia. New York: W. W. Norton, 1975. *
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot. Admiral of the Ocean Sea. Boston: Little, Brown, 1942.
  • – -·      Christopher Columbus, Mariner. Boston: Little, Brown, 1955.
  • *Nash, Gary B. Red, White, and Black: The Peoples of Early America. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1970. *
  • Vogel, Virgil, ed. This Country Was Ours. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.

 

Chapter 2: Drawing the Color Line

  • Aptheker, Herbert, ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel, 1974. *
  • Boskin, Joseph. Into Slavery: Radical Decisions in the Virginia Colony. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1966.
  • Catterall, Helen. Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the Negro. 5 vols. Washington, Negro University Press, 1937.
  • Davidson, Basil. The African Slave Trade. Boston: Little, Brown, 1961.
  • Donnan, Elizabeth, ed. Documents Illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade to America. 4 vols. New York: Octagon, 1965.
  • Elkins, Stanley. Slavery: A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.
  • Federal Writers Project. The Negro in Virginia. New York: Arno, 1969.
  • Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of American Negroes. New York: Knopf, 1974.
  • Jordan, Winthrop. White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550- 1812. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968. *
  • Morgan, Edmund S. American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia. New York: W.W. Norton, 1975. *
  • Mullin, Gerald. Flight and Rebellion: Slave Resistance in Eighteenth-Century Virginia. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.
  • Mullin, Michael, ed. American Negro Slavery: A Documentary History. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
  • Phillips, Ulrich B. American Negro Slavery: A Survey of the Supply, Employment and Control o fNegro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Regime. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Redding, J. Saunders. They Came in Chains. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1973. Stampp, Kenneth M. The Peculiar Institution. New York: Knopf, 1956.
  • Tannenbaum, Frank. Slave and Citizen: The Negro in the Americas. New York: Random House, 1963.

 

Chapter 3: Persons of Mean and Vile Condition

  • Andrews, Charles, ed. Narratives of the Insurrections 1675-1690. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1915.
  • Bridenbaugh, Carl. Cities in the Wilderness: The First Century of Urban Life in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. *
  • Henretta, James. “Economic Development and Social Structure in Colonial Boston.”
  • William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series, Vol. 22, January 1965.
  • Herrick, Cheesman. White Servitude in Pennsylvania: Indentured and Redemption Labor in Colony and Commonwealth. Washington: Negro University Press, 1926.
  • Hofstadter, Richard. America at 1750: A Social History. New York: Knopf, 1971. Hofstadter, Richard, and Wallace, Michael, eds. American Violence: A Documentary History. New York: Knopf, 1970.
  • Mohl, Raymond. Poverty in New York, 1783-1825. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.
  • Morgan, Edward S. American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia. New York: W.W. Norton, 1975. *
  • Morris, Richard B. Government and Labor in Early America. New York: Harper & Row, 1965. *
  • Nash, Gary B., ed. Class and Society in Early America. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1970. *
  • –· Red, White, and Black: The Peoples of Early America. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1974. *
  • –·  “Social Change and the Growth of Prerevolutionary Urban Radicalism,” The American Revolution, ed. Alfred Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976. *
  • Smith, Abbot E. Colonists in Bondage: White Servitude and Convict Labor in America. New York: W. W. Norton, 1971. *
  • Washburn, Wilcomb E. The Governor and the Rebel: A History of Bacon’s Rebellion in Virginia. New York: W.W. Norton, 1972. *

 

Chapter 4: Tyranny Is Tyranny

  • Bailyn, Bernard, and Garrett, N., eds. Pamphlets of the American Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965.
  • Becker, Carl.  The Declaration of Independence: A Study in the History of Political Ideas. New York: Random House, 1958.
  • Brown, Richard Maxwell. “Violence and the American Revolution,” Essays on the American Revolution, ed. Stephen G. Kurtz and James H. Hutson. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.
  • Ernst, Joseph. ” ‘Ideology’ and an Economic Interpretation of the Revolution,” The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism, ed. Alfred F. Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976.
  • Foner, Eric. “Tom Paine’s Republic: Radical Ideology and Social Change,” The Ameri- can Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism, ed. Alfred F. Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976.
  • Fox-Bourne, H. R. The Life of John Locke, 2 vols. New York: King, 1876.
  • Greene, Jack P. “An Uneasy Connection: An Analysis of the Preconditions of the American Revolution,”  Essays on the American Revolution, ed.  Stephen G.  Kurtz and James H. Hutson. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.
  • Hill, Christopher. Puritanism and Revolution. New York: Schocken, 1964.
  • Hoerder, Dirk. “Boston Leaders and Boston Crowds, 1765-1776,” The American Revolution: Exp/orations in the History ofAmerican Radicalism, ed. Alfred F. Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976. *
  • Lemisch, Jesse. “Jack Tar in the Streets: Merchant Seamen in the Politics of Revolution- ary America,” William and Mary Quarterly, July 1968.
  • Maier, Pauline. From Resistance to Revolution: Colonial Radicals and the Development of American Opposition to Britain, 1765-1776. New York: Knopf, 1972.
  • Mohl, Raymond. Poverty in New York, 1783-1825. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.
  • Rude, George. Paris and London in the Eighteenth Century: Studies in Popular Protest.
  • New York: Penguin, 1973.

Chapter 5: A Kind of Revolution

  • Aptheker, Herbert, ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel Press, 1974.
  • Bailyn, Bernard. “Central Themes of the Revolution,” Essays on the American Revolu- tion, ed. Stephen G. Kurtz and James H. Hutson. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.
  • —· The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.
  • Beard, Charles. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. *
  • New York: Macmillan, 1935.
  • Berlin, Ira. “The Negro in the American Revolution,” The American Revolution: Explor- ations in the History o fAmerican Radicalism, ed. Alfred F. Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976.
  • Berthoff, Rowland, and Murrin, John. “Feudalism, Communalism, and the Yeoman Freeholder, Essays on the American Revolution, ed. Stephen G. Kurtz and James Hutson. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.
  • Brown, Robert E. Charles Beard and the Constitution. New York: W. W. Norton, 1965.
  • Degler, Carl. Out of Our Past. Harper & Row, 1970.
  • Henderson, H. James. “The Structure of Politics in the Continental Congress,” Essays on the American Revolution, ed. Stephen G. Kurtz and James H. Hutson. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.
  • Hoffman, Ronald. “The ‘Disaffected’ in the Revolutionary South,” The American Revolution: Explorations in the History o fAmerican Radicalism, ed. Alfred F. Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976. *
  • Jennings, Francis. “The Indians’ Revolution,” The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism, ed. Alfred F. Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976.
  • Levy, Leonard W. Freedom of Speech and Press in Early American History. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.
  • Lynd, Staughton. Anti-Federalism in Dutchess County, New York. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1962. *
  • ___ . Class Conflict, Slavery, and the Constitution. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967.
  • — –· “Freedom Now: The Intellectual Origins of American Radicalism,” The Ameri- can Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism, ed. Alfred F. Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976.
  • McLaughlin, William G. “The Role of Religion in the Revolution,” Essays on the American Revolution, ed. Stephen G. Kurtz and James H. Hutson. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.
  • Morgan, Edmund S. “Conflict and Consensus in Revolution,” Essays on the American Revolution, ed. Stephen G. Kurtz and James H. Hutson. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.
  • Morris, Richard B. “We the People of the United States.” Presidential address, Ameri- can Historical Association, 1976.
  • Shy, John. A People Numerous and Armed: Reflections on the Military Struggle for American Independence. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. *
  • Smith, Page. A New Age Now Begins: A People’s History of the American Revolution. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.
  • Starkey, Marion. A Little Rebellion. New York: Knopf, 1949. Van Doren, Carl. Mutiny in January. New York: Viking, 1943.
  • Young, Alfred, ed. The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976. *

 

Chapter 6: The Intimately Oppressed

  • Barker-Benfield, G. J. The Horrors of the Half-Known Life. New York: Harper & Row, 1976.
  • Baxandall, Rosalyn, Gordon, Linda, and Reverby, Susan, eds. America’s Working Women. New York: Random House, 1976. *
  • Cott, Nancy. The Bonds of Womanhood. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977. *
  • _, Root of Bitterness. New York: Dutton, 1972. *
  • Farb, Peter. “The Pueblos of the Southwest,” Women in American Life, ed. Anne Scott. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970.
  • Flexner, Eleanor. A Century of Struggle. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1975. *
  • Gordon, Ann, and Buhle, Mary Jo. “Sex and Class in Colonial and Nineteenth-Century America,” Liberating Women’s History, ed. Berenice Carroll. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1975.
  • Lerner, Gerda, ed. The Female Experience: An American Documentary. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1977. *
  • Sandoz, Mari. “These Were the Sioux,” Women in American Life, ed. Anne Scott. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970.
  • Spruill, Julia Cherry. Women’s Life and Work in the Southern Colonies. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1938.
  • Tyler, Alice Felt. Freedom’s Ferment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1944.
  • Vogel, Lise. “Factory Tracts,” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Spring 1976.
  • Welter, Barbara. Dimity Convictions: The American Woman in the Nineteenth Century. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1976.
  • Wilson, Joan Hoff. “The Illusion of Change: Women in the American Revolution,” The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism, ed. Alfred F. Young. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976.

 

Chapter 7: As Long as Grass Grows or Water Runs

  • Drinnon, Richard. Violence in the American Experience: Winning the West. New York: New American Library, 1979.
  • Filler, Louis E., and Guttmann, Allen, eds. The Removal of the Cherokee Nation. Huntington, N.Y.: R. E. Krieger, 1977.
  • Foreman, Grant. Indian Removal. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972.
  • McLuhan, T. C., ed. Touch the Earth: A Self-Portrait of Indian Existence. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1976. *
  • Rogin, Michael. Fathers and Children: Andrew Jackson and the Subjugation of the American Indian. New York: Knopf, 1975. *
  • Van Every, Dale. The Disinherited: The Lost Birthright of the American Indian. New York: Morrow, 1976. *
  • Vogel, Virgil, ed. This Country Was Ours. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.

 

Chapter 8: We Take Nothing by Conquest, Thank God

  • *Foner, Philip. A History of the Labor Movement in the United States. 4 vols. New York: International Publishers, 1947-1965.
  • Graebner, Norman A. “Empire in the Pacific: A Study in American Continental Expan- sion,” The Mexican War: Crisis for American Democracy, ed. Archie P. McDonald.
  • __, ed. Manifest Destiny. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1968.
  • Jay, William. A Review of the Causes and Consequences of the Mexican War. Boston: B. B. Mussey & Co., 1849.
  • McDonald, Archie P., ed. The Mexican War: Crisis for American Democracy. Lexington, Mass: D. C. Heath, 1969.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot, Merk, Frederick, and Friedel, Frank. Dissent in Three American Wars. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.
  • O’Sullivan, John, and Meckler, Alan. The Draft and Its Enemies: A Documentary History. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1974.
  • Perry, Bliss, ed. Lincoln: Speeches and Letters. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1923.
  • Schroeder, John H. Mr. Polk’s War: American Opposition and Dissent 18461848. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1973. *
  • Smith, George Winston, and Judah, Charles, eds. Chronicles of the Gringos: The U.S. Army in the Mexican War 184 1848. Albuquerque: University ofNew Mexico Press, 1966. *
  • Smith, Justin. The War with Mexico. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1919. *
  • Weems, John Edward. To Conquer a Peace. New York: Doubleday, 1974. *
  • Weinberg, Albert K. Manifest Destiny: A Study of Nationalist Expansion in American History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1935.

 

Chapter 9: Slavery Without Submission, Emancipation Without Freedom

  • Allen, The Reluctant Reformers. New York: Anchor, 1975.
  • Aptheker, American Negro Slave Revolts. New York: International Publishers,1969. *
  • —, ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York: Citadel, 1974. *
  • —· Nat Turner’s Slave Rebellion. New York: Grove Press, 1968.
  • Bond, Horace Mann. “Social and Economic Forces in Alabama Reconstruction,” Journal of Negro History, July 1938.
  • Conrad, Earl. Harriet Tubman. Middlebury, Vt.: Eriksson, 1970.
  • Cox, LaWanda and John, eds. Reconstruction, the Negro, and the Old South. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.
  • Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, ed. Benjamin Quarles. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960.
  • Du Bois, W. E. B. John Brown. New York: International Publishers, 1962.
  • Fogel, Robert, and Engerman, Stanley. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery. Boston: Little, Brown, 1974.
  • Foner, Philip, ed. The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass. 5 vols. New York: International Publishers, 1975.
  • Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom. New York: Knopf, 1974. *
  • Genovese, Eugene. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Pantheon, 1974. *
  • Gutman, Herbert. The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750-1925. New York: Pantheon, 1976. *
  • —· Slavery and the Numbers Game: A Critique of “Time on the Cross.” Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1975. *
  • Herschfield, Marilyn. “Women in the Civil War.” Unpublished paper, 1977.
  • Hofstadter, Richard. The American Political Tradition. New York: Knopf, 1973. Killens, John 0., ed. The Trial Record of Denmark Vesey. Boston: Beacon Press, 1970. *
  • Kolchin, Peter. First Freedom: The Response of Alabama’s Blacks to Emancipation and Reconstruction. New York: Greenwood, 1972.
  • Lerner, Gerda, ed. Black Women in White America: A Documentary History. New York: Random House, 1973. *
  • Lester, Julius, ed. To Be a Slave. New York: Dial Press, 1968.
  • Levine, Lawrence J. Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977. *
  • Logan, Rayford. The Betrayal of the Negro: From Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson. New York: Macmillan, 1965. *
  • MacPherson, James. The Negro’s Civil War. New York: Pantheon, 1965. *
  • —· The Struggle for Equality. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964. *
  • Meltzer, Milton, ed. In Their Own Words: A History of the American Negro. New York: T. Y. Crowell, 1964-1967. *
  • Mullin, Michael, ed. American Negro Slavery: A Documentary History. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
  • Osofsky, Gilbert. Puttin’ on Ole Massa. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.
  • Painter, Nell Irvin. Exodusters: Black Migration to Kansas After Reconstruction. New York: Knopf, 1977.
  • Phillips, Ulrich B. American Negro Slavery: A Survey of the Supply, Employment and Control of Negro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Regime. Baton Rouge: Louisi- ana State University Press, 1966.
  • Rawick, George P. From Sundown to Sunup: The Making of the Black Community. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1972.
  • Rosengarten, Theodore. All God’s Dangers: The Life of Nate Shaw. New York: Knopf, 1974. *
  • Starobin, Robert S., ed. Blacks in Bondage: Letters of American Slaves. New York: Franklin Watts, 1974.
  • Tragle, Henry I. The Southampton Slave Revolt of 1831. Amherst, Mass.: University of Massachusetts Press, 1971.
  • Wiltse, Charles M., ed. David Walker’s Appeal. New York: Hill & Wang, 1965.
  • Woodward, C. Vann. Reunion and Reaction: The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction. Boston: Little, Brown, 1966. *
  • Works Progress Administration. The Negro in Virginia. New York: Amo Press, 1969.
  • Bimba, Anthony. The Molly Maguires. New York: International Publishers, 1970. Brecher, Jeremy. Strike! Boston: South End Press, 1979.
  • Bruce, Robert V. 1877: Year of Violence. New York: Franklin Watts, 1959. Burbank, David. Reign of Rabble: The St. Louis General Strike of 1877. Fairfield, N.J.: Augustus Kelley, 1966. *
  • Christman, Henry. Tin Horns and Calico. New York: Holt, 1945. *
  • Cochran, Thomas, and Miller, William. The Age of Enterprise. New York: Macmillan, 1942. *
  • Coulter, E. Merton, The Confederate States ofAmerica 1861-1865. Baton Rouge: Louisi- ana State University Press, 1950.
  • Dacus, Joseph A. “Annals of the Great Strikes of the United States,” Except to Walk Free: Documents and Notes in the History of American Labor, ed. Albert Fried. New York: Anchor, 1974.
  • Dawley, Alan. Class and Community: The Industrial Revolution in Lynn. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976. *
  • Feldstein, Stanley, and Costello, Lawrence, eds. The Ordeal of Assimilation: A Docu- mentary History of the White Working Class, 1830’s to the 1970’s. New York: Anchor, 1974. *
  • Fite, Emerson. Social and Industrial Conditions in the North During the Civil War.
  • New York: Macmillan, 1910.
  • Foner, Philip. A History of the Labor Movement in the United States. 4 vols. New York: International Publishers, 1947-1964. *
  • _ _ , We, the Other People. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976. *
  • Fried, Albert, ed. Except to Walk Free: Documents and Notes in the History ofAmerican Labor. New York: Anchor, 1974.
  • Gettleman, Marvin. The Dorr Rebellion. New York: Random House, 1973. *
  • Gutman, Herbert. “The Buena Vista Affair, 1874-1875,” Workers in the Industrial Revolution: Recent Studies of Labor in the United States and Europe, ed. Peter N. Stearns and Daniel Walkowitz. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 1974.
  • —· Work, Culture and Society in Industrializing America. New York: Random House, 1977.
  • —·    “Work, Culture and Society in Industrialising America, 1815-1919,” American Historical Review, June 1973.
  • Headley, Joel Tyler. The Great Riots of New York, 1712-1873. Indianapolis: Bobbs- Merrill, 1970.
  • Hofstadter, Richard, and Wallace, Michael, eds. American Violence: A Documentary History. New York: Knopf, 1970. *
  • Horwitz, Morton. The Transformation of American Law, 1780-1860. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1977. *
  • Knights, Peter R. The Plain People of Boston 1830-1860: A Study in City Growth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.
  • Meyer, Marvin. The Jacksonian Persuasion. New York: Vintage, 1960.
  • Miller, Douglas T. The Birth of Modern America. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1970. Montgomery, David. “The Shuttle and the Cross: Weavers and Artisans in the Kensington Riots of 1844,” Journal of Social History, Summer 1972.
  • Myers, Gustavus. History of the Great American Fortunes. New York: Modem Library, 1936. *
  • Pessen, Edward. Jacksonian America. Homewood, Ill.: Dorsey, 1969.
  • –· Most Uncommon Jacksonians. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1967.
  • Remini, Robert V. The Age of Jackson. New York: Harper & Row, 1972. Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Age of Jackson. Boston: Little, Brown, 1945.
  • Steams, Peter N., and Walkowitz, Daniel, eds. Workers in the Industrial Revolution: Recent Studies of Labor in the United States and Europe. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 1974.
  • Tatum, Georgia Lee. Disloyalty in the Confederacy. New York: A.M.S. Press, 1970.
  • Wertheimer, Barbara. We Were There: The Story of Working Women in America. New York: Pantheon, 1977. *
  • Wilson, Edmund. Patriotic Gore: Studies in the Literature of the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1962.
  • Yellen, Samuel. American Labor Struggles. New York: Pathfinder, 1974.
  • Zinn, Howard. “The Conspiracy of Law,” The Rule of Law, ed. Robert Paul Wolff. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1971.

 

Chapter 10: The Other Civil War

  • Bimba, Anthony. The Molly Maguires. New York: International Publishers, 1970.
  • Brecher, Jeremy. Strike! Boston: South End Press, 1979.
  • Bruce, Robert V. 1877: Year of Violence. New York: Franklin Watts, 1959. *
  • Burbank, David. Reign of Rabble: The St. Louis General Strike of 1877. Fairfield,
    N.J.: Augustus Kelley, 1966.
  • Christman, Henry. Tin Horns and Calico. New York: Holt, 1945. *
  • Cochran, Thomas, and Miller, William. The Age of Enterprise. New York: Macmillan,
    1942. *
  • Coulter, E. Merton, The Confederate States of America 1861-1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana
    State University Press, 1950.
  • Dacus, Joseph A. “Annals of the Great Strikes of the United States,” Except to Walk
    Free: Documents and Notes in the History of American Labor, ed. Albert Fried.
    New York: Anchor, 1974.
  • Dawley, Alan. Class and Community: The Industrial Revolution in Lynn. Cambridge,
    Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976. *
  • Feldstein, Stanley, and Costello, Lawrence, eds. The Ordeal of Assimilation: A Documentary History of the White Working Class, 1830’s to the 1970’s. New York: Anchor,
    1974. *
  • Fite, Emerson. Social and Industrial Conditions in the North During the Civil War.
    New York: Macmillan, 1910.
  • Foner, Philip. A History of the Labor Movement in the United States. 4 vols. New
    York: International Publishers, 1947-1964.
  • ___, ed. We, the Other People. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976.
  • Fried, Albert, ed. Except to Walk Free: Documents and Notes in the History of American
    Labor. New York: Anchor, 1974. *
  • Gettleman, Marvin. The Dorr Rebellion. New York: Random House, 1973.
  • Gutman, Herbert. “The Buena Vista Affair, 1874-1875,” Workers in the Industrial
    Revolution: Recent Studies of Labor in the United States and Europe, ed. Peter N.
    Stearns and Daniel Walkowitz. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 1974. *
  • ___. Work, Culture and Society in Industrializing America. New York: Random
    House, 1977.
  • ___. “Work, Culture and Society in Industrializing America, 1815-1919,” American
    Historical Review, June 1973.
  • Headley, Joel Tyler. The Great Riots of New York, 1712-1873. Indianapolis: Bobbs-
    Merrill, 1970.
  • Hofstadter, Richard, and Wallace, Michael, eds. American Violence: A Documentary
    History. New York: Knopf, 1970. *
  • Horwitz, Morton. The Transformation of American Law, 1780-1860. Cambridge,
    Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1977. *
  • Knights, Peter R. The Plain People of Boston 1830-1860: A Study in City Growth.
    New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.
  • Meyer, Marvin. The Jacksonian Persuasion. New York: Vintage, 1960.
  • Miller, Douglas T. The Birth of Modern America. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1970.
  • Montgomery, David. “The Shuttle and the Cross: Weavers and Artisans in the Kensington
    Riots of 1844,” Journal of Social History, Summer 1972.
  • Myers, Gustavus. History of the Great American Fortunes. New York: Modem Library,
    1936. *
  • Pessen, Edward. Jacksonian America. Homewood, Ill.: Dorsey, 1969.
    Most Uncommon Jacksonians. Albany: State University of New York Press,
    1967. *
  • Remini, Robert V. The Age of Jackson. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
  • Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Age of Jackson. Boston: Little, Brown, 1945.
  • Steams, Peter N., and Walkowitz, Daniel, eds. Workers in the Industrial Revolution:
    Recent Studies of Labor in the United States and Europe. New Brunswick, N.J.:
    Transaction, 1974.
  • Tatum, Georgia Lee. Disloyalty in the Confederacy. New York: A.M.S. Press, 1970.
  • Wertheimer, Barbara. We Were There: The Story of Working Women in America.
    New York: Pantheon, 1977. *
  • Wilson, Edmund. Patriotic Gore: Studies in the Literature of the American Civil War.
    New York: Oxford University Press, 1962.
  • Yellen, Samuel. American Labor Struggles. New York: Pathfinder, 1974.
  • Zinn, Howard. “The Conspiracy of Law,” The Rule of Law, ed. Robert Paul Wolff.
    New York: Simon & Schuster, 1971.

 

Chapter 11: Robber Barons and Rebels

  • Allen, Robert. Reluctant Reformers: Racism and Social Reform Movements in the United States. New York: Anchor, 1975.
  • Bellamy, Edward. Looking Backward. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967. Bowles, Samuel, and Gintis, Herbert. Schooling in Capitalist America. New York: Basic Books, 1976.
  • Brandeis, Louis. Other People’s Money. New York: Frederick Stokes, 1914. Brecher, Jeremy. Strike! Boston: South End Press, 1979.
  • Carwardine, William. The Pullman Strike. Chicago: Charles Kerr, 1973.
  • Cochran, Thomas, and Miller, William. The Age of Enterprise. New York: Macmillan, 1942. *
  • Conwell, Russell H. Acres of Diamonds. New York: Harper & Row, 1915.
  • Crowe, Charles. “Tom Watson, Populists, and Blacks Reconsidered,” Journal of Negro History, April  1970.
  • David, Henry. A History of the Haymarket Affair. New York: Collier, 1963.
  • Feldstein, Stanley, and Costello, Lawrence, eds. The Ordeal of Assimilation: A Documentary History of the White Working Class, 1830’s to the 1970’s. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1974.
  • Foner, Philip. A History of the Labor Movement in the United States. 4 vols. New York: International Publishers, 1947-1964. *
  • –· Organized Labor and the Black Worker 1619-1973. New York: International Publishers, 1974.
  • George, Henry. Progress and Poverty. New York: Robert Scholkenbach Foundation, 1937.
  • Ginger, Ray. The Age of Excess: The U.S. from 1877 to 1914. New York: Macmillan, 1975.
  • –· The Bending Cross: A Biography of Eugene Victor Debs. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1949. *
  • Goodwyn, Lawrence. Democratic Promise: The Populist Movement in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. *
  • Hair, William Ivy. Bourbonism and Agrarian Protest: Louisiana Politics, 1877-1900. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1969.
  • Heilbroner, Robert, and Singer, Aaron. The Economic Transformation of America. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1977.
  • Hofstadter, Richard, and Wallace, Michael, eds. American Violence: A Documentary History. New York: Knopf, 1970.
  • Josephson, Matthew. The Politicos. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1963. *
  • —. The Robber Barons. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1962. *
  • Mason, Alpheus T., and Beaney, William M. American Constitutional Law. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1972.
  • Myers, Gustavus. History of the Great American Fortunes. New York: Modern Library, 1936. *
  • Pierce, Bessie L. Public Opinion and the Teaching of History in the United States. New York: DaCapo, 1970.
  • Pollack, Norman. The Populist Response to Industrial America. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press,  1976.
  • Smith, Henry Nash. Virgin Land. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970. Spring, Joel H. Education and the Rise of the Corporate State. Boston: Beacon Press, 1973.
  • Wasserman, Harvey. Harvey Wasserman’s History of the United States. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
  • Wertheimer, Barbara. We Were There: The Story of Working Women in America. New York: Pantheon, 1977. *
  • Woodward, C. Vann. Origins of the New South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univer- sity Press, 1972. *
  • —. Tom Watson, Agrarian Rebel. New York: Oxford University Press, 1963. *
  • *Yellen, Samuel. American Labor Struggles. New York: Pathfinder, 1974. *

 

Chapter 12: The Empire and the People

  • Aptheker, Herbert, ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York: Citadel, 1973.
  • Beale, Howard K. Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise of America to World Power. New York: Macmillan, 1962.
  • Beisner, Robert. Twelve Against Empire: The Anti-Imperialists, 1898-1902. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968.
  • Foner, Philip. A History of the Labor Movement in the United States. 4 vols. New York: International Publishers, 1947-1964. *
  • —. The Spanish-Cuban-American War and the Birth of American Imperialism. 2 vols. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1972. *
  • Francisco, Luzviminda. “The First Vietnam: The Philippine-American War, 1899- 1902,” Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, 1973.
  • Gatewood, Willard B. “Smoked Yankees” and the Struggle for Empire: Letters from Negro Soldiers, 1898–1902. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1971. *
  • Lafeber, Walter. The New Empire: An Interpretation of American Expansion. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1963.
  • Pratt, Julius. “American Business and the Spanish-American War,” Hispanic-American Historical Review, 1934.
  • Schirmer, Daniel Boone. Republic or Empire: American Resistance to the Philippine War. Cambridge, Mass.: Schenkman, 1972.
  • Williams, William Appleman. The Roots of the Modern American Empire. New York: Random House, 1969.
  • —.    The Tragedy of American Diplomacy. New York: Dell, 1972.
  • Wolff, Leon. Little Brown Brother. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1961.
  • Young, Marilyn. The Rhetoric of Empire. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968.

 

Chapter 13: The Socialist Challenge

  • Aptheker, A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York: Citadel, 1974. *
  • Baxandall, Rosalyn, Gordon, Linda, and Reverby, Susan, eds. America’s Working Women. New York: Random House, 1976. *
  • Braverman, Harry. Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century. New York: Monthly Review, 1975.
  • Brody, David. Steelworkers in America: The Non-Union Era. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960.
  • Chafe, William. Women and Equality: Changing Patterns in American Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.
  • Cochran, Thomas, and Miller, William. The Age of Enterprise. New York: Macmillan, 1942.
  • Dancis, Bruce. “Socialism and Women,” Socialist Revolution, January-March 1976.
  • Dubofsky, Melvyn. We Shall Be All: A History of the Industrial Workers of the World. New York: Quadrangle, 1974.
  • Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. New York:  Fawcett, 1961.
  • Faulkner, Harold. The Decline of Laissez Faire 1897-1917. White Plains, N.Y.: E. Sharpe, 1977.
  • Flexner, Eleanor. A Century of Struggle. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1975. *
  • Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley. The Rebel Girl. New York: International Publishers, 1973. Foner, Philip, ed. Helen Keller: Her Socialist Years. New York: International Publishers, 1967.
  • —. A History of the Labor Movement in the United States. 4 vols. New York: International Publishers, 1947-1964. *
  • Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. Women and Economics. New York: Harper & Row, 1966.
  • Ginger, Ray. The Bending Cross: A Biography of Eugene Victor Debs. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1969. *
  • Goldman, Emma. Anarchism and Other Essays. New York: Dover, 1970.
  • Green, James. Grass-Roots Socialism: Radical Movements in the Southwest, 1895-1943.
  • Baton Rouge: Louisana State University Press, 1978.
  • Hays, Samuel. “The Politics of Reform in Municipal Government in the Progressive Era,” Pacific Northwest Quarterly, October 1964. (Reprinted by New England Free Press.)
  • Haywood, Bill. The Autobiography of Big Bill Haywood. New York: International Publishers, 1929.
  • James, Henry. The American Scene. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1968. Hofstadter, Richard. The American Political Tradition. New York: Random House, 1954.
  • Jones, Mary. The Autobiography of Mother Jones. Chicago: Charles Kerr, 1925. Kaplan, Justin. Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain: A Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1966.
  • Kolko, Gabriel. The Triumph of Conservatism. New York: Free Press, 1977. *
  • Kombluh, Joyce, ed. Rebel Voices: An I. W. W. Anthology. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1964. *
  • Lerner, Gerda, ed. Black Women in White America. New York: Random House, 1973. *
  • —. The Female Experience: An American Documentary. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Mer- rill, 1977. *
  • London, Jack. The Iron Heel. New York: Bantam, 1971.
  • Naden, Corinne J. The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, March 25, 1911. New York: Franklin Watts, 1971.
  • Sanger, Margaret. Woman and the New Race. New York: Brentano’s, 1920.
  • Schoener, Allon, ed. Portal to America: The Lower East Side, 1870-1925. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967.
  • Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York: Harper & Row, 1951.
  • Sochen, June. Movers and Shakers: American Women Thinkers and Activists, 1900- 1970. New York: Quadrangle, 1974.
  • Stein, Leon. The Triangle Fire. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1965.
  • Wasserman, Harvey. Harvey Wasserman’s History of the United States. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
  • Weinstein, James. The Corporate Ideal in the Liberal State, 1900-1918. Boston: Beacon Press, 1968. *
  • Wertheimer, Barbara. We Were There: The Story of Working Women in America. New York: Pantheon, 1977. *
  • Wiebe, Robert H. The Search for Order, 1877-1920. New York: Hill & Wang, 1966.
  • Yellen, Samuel. American Labor Struggles. New York: Pathfinder, 1974. Zinn, Howard. The Politics of History. Boston: Beacon Press, 1970. *

 

Chapter 14: War Is the Health of the State

  • Baritz, Loren, ed. The American Left. New York: Basic Books, 1971.
  • Chafee, Zechariah, Jr. Free Speech in the United States. New York: Atheneum,  1969. *
  • Dos Passos, John. 1919. New York: Signet, 1969.
  • Du Bois, W. E. B. “The African Roots of War,” Atlantic Monthly, May 1915. Fleming, D. F. The Origins and Legacies of World War I. Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday, 1968.
  • Fussell, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975. *
  • *Ginger, Ray. The Bending Cross: A Biography of Eugene Victor Debs. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1969.
  • Goldman, Eric. Rendezvous with Destiny. New York: Random House, 1956.
  • Gruber, Carol S. Mars and Minerva: World War I and the Uses of Higher Learning in America. Baton Rouge.: Louisiana State University Press, 1975.

 

Chapter 15: Self-help in Hard Times

  • Adamic, Louis. My America, 1928-1938. New York: Harper & Row, 1938.
  • Baxandall, Rosalyn, Gordon, Linda, and Reverby, Susan, eds. America’s Working Women. New York: Random House, 1976. *
  • Bellush, Bernard. The Failure of the N.R.A. New York: W.W. Norton, 1976. Bernstein, Barton, J., ed. Towards a New Past: Dissenting Essays in American History. New York: Pantheon, 1968.
  • Bernstein, Irving. The Lean Years: A History of the American Worker, 1920-1933. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1960.
  • —.  The Turbulent Years: A History of the American Worker, 1933-1941. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1969.
  • Borden, Morton, ed. Voices of the American Past: Readings in American History. Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath, 1972.
  • Boyer, Richard, and Morais, Herbert. Labor’s Untold Story. United Front, 1955.
  • Brecher, Jeremy. Strike! Boston, Mass.: South End Press, 1979. *
  • Buhle, Paul. “An Interview with Luigi Nardella,” Radical History Review, Spring 1978.
  • Cloward, Richard A., and Piven, Frances F. Poor People’s Movements. New York: Pantheon, 1977. *
  • Conkin, Paul. F.D.R. and the Origins of the Welfare State. New York: Crowell, 1967. Curti, Merle. The Growth of American Thought. New York: Harper & Row, 1943.
  • Fine, Sidney. Sit-Down: The General Motors Strike of 193()_1937. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1969. *
  • Galbraith, John Kenneth. The Great Crash: 1929. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1972. General Strike Committee. The Seattle General Strike. Charlestown, Mass.: gum press, 1972.
  • Hallgren, Mauritz. Seeds of Revolt. New York: Knopf, 1934. *
  • Lerner, Gerda, ed. Black Women in White America: A Documentary History. New York: Random House,  1977. *
  • Lewis, Sinclair. Babbitt. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1949.
  • Lynd, Alice and Staughton, eds. Rank and File: Personal Histories by Working-Class Organizers. Boston: Beacon Press, 1974.
  • Lynd, Robert and Helen. Middletown. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1959.
  • Mangione, Jerre. The Dream and the Deal: The Federal Writers Project, 1935-1943.
    Boston: Little, Brown, 1972.
  • Mills, Frederick C. Economic Tendencies in the United States: Aspects of Pre- War and
    Post- War Changes. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1932.
  • Ottley, Roi, and Weatherby, William J. “The Negro in New York: An Informal History,”
    Justice Denied: The Black Man in White America, ed. William Chace and
    Peter Collier. New York: Harm* Brace Jovanovich, 1970.
  • Painter, Nell, and Hudson, Hosea. “A Negro Communist in the Deep South,” Radical
    America, July-August 1977.
  • Rensha, Patrick. The Wobblies New York: Anchor, 1968.
  • Rosengarten, Theodore. All God’s Dangers: The Life of Nate Shaw. New York: Knopf,
    1974. *
    Steinbeck, John. The Grapes of Wrath. New York: Viking, 1939.
  • Swados, Harvey, ed. The American Writer and the Great Depression. Indianapolis:
    Bobbs-Merrill, 1966.
  • Terkel, Studs. Hard Times: An Oral History of the Great Depression in America. New
    York: Pantheon, 1970. *
  • Wright, Richard. Black Boy. New York: Harper & Row, 1937.
  • Zinn, Howard. La Guardia in Congress. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press; 1959.

 

Chapter 16: A People’s War?

  • Alperovitz, Gar. Atomic Diplomacy. New York: Vintage, 1967.
  • Aronson, James. The Press and the Cold War. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1970. Barnet, Richard J. Intervention and Revolution: The U.S. and the Third World. New York: New American Library, 1969.
  • Blackett, P. M. S. Fear, War and the Bomb: Military and Political Consequences of Atomic Energy. New York: McGraw Hill, 1948.
  • Bottome, Edgar. The Balance of Terror: A Guide to the Arms Race. Boston: Beacon Press, 1972.
  • Butow, Robert. Japan’s Decision to Surrender. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1954.
  • Catton, Bruce. The War Lords of Washington. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1948. Chomsky, Noam. American Power and the New Mandarins. New York: Pantheon, 1969.
  • Davidson, Basil. Let Freedom Come: Africa in Modern History. Boston: Little, Brown, 1978.
  • Feingold, Henry L. The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1970.
  • Freeland, Richard M. The Truman Doctrine and the Origins of McCarthyism. New York: Knopf, 1971.
  • Gardner, Lloyd. Economic Aspects of New Deal Diplomacy. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1964.
  • Griffith, Robert W. The Politics of Fear: Joseph R. McCarthy and the Senate. Rochelle Park, N.J.: Hayden, 1971.
  • Hamby, Alonzo L. Beyond the New Deal: Harry S. Truman and American Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1953.
  • Irving, David. The Destruction of Dresden. New York: Ballantine, 1965. Kahn, Herman. On Thermonuclear War. New York: Free Press, 1969.
  • Kolko, Gabriel. The Politics of War: The World and United States Foreign Policy, 1943-1945. New York: Random House, 1968. *
  • Lemisch, Jesse. On Active Service in War and Peace: Politics and Ideology in the American Historical Profession. Toronto: New Hogtown Press, 1975.
  • Mailer, Norman. The Naked and the Dead. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1948.
  • Miller, Douglas, and Nowak, Marion. The Fifties: The Way We Really Were. New York: Doubleday, 1977.
  • Miller, Marc. “The Irony of Victory: Lowell During World War II.” Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Boston University, 1977.
  • Mills, C. Wright. The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. Minear, Richard H. Victor’s Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1973.
  • Offner, Arnold. American Appeasement: U.S. Foreign Policy and Germany, 1933-1938. New York: W.W. Norton, 1976.
  • Rostow, Eugene V. “Our Worst Wartime Mistake,” Harper’s, September 1945. Russett, Bruce. No Clear and Present Danger. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
  • Sampson, Anthony. The Seven Sisters: The Great Oil Companies and the World They Shaped. New York: Viking, 1975.
  • Schneir, Walter and Miriam. Invitation to an Inquest. New York: Doubleday, 1965.
  • Sherwin, Martin. A World Destroyed: The Atom Bomb and the Grand Alliance. New York: Knopf,  1975. *
  • Stone, I. F. The Hidden History of the Korean War. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1969.
  • United States Strategic Bombing Survey. Japan’s Struggle to End the War. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1946.
  • Weglyn, Michi. Years of Infamy: The Untold Story of America’s Concentration Camps. New York: William Morrow, 1976.
  • Wittner, Lawrence S. Rebels Against War: The American Peace Movement, 1941-1960. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.
  • Zinn, Howard. Postwar America: 1945-1971. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973. *
  • —·   The Pentagon Papers. 4 vols. Boston: Beacon Press, 1971.

 

Chapter 17: “Or Does It Explode?”

  • Allen, Robert. Black Awakening in Capitalist America. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1969.
  • Bontemps, Arna, ed. American Negro Poetry. New York: Hill & Wang, 1974. Broderick, Francis, and Meier, August. Black Protest Thought in the Twentieth Century. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1971.
  • Cloward, Richard A., and Piven, Frances F. Poor People’s Movements. New York: Pantheon, 1977.
  • Conot, Robert. Rivers of Blood, Years of Darkness. New York: Morrow, 1968. Cullen, Countee. On These I Stand. New York: Harper & Row, 1947.
  • Herndon, Angelo. “You Cannot Kill the Working Class,” Black Protest, ed. Joanne Grant. New York: Fawcett, 1975.
  • Huggins, Nathan I. Harlem Renaissance. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. Hughes, Langston. Selected Poems of Langston Hughes. New York: Knopf, 1959.
  • Lerner, Gerda, ed. Black Women in White America: A Documentary History. New York: Random House, 1977.
  • Malcolm X. Malcolm X Speaks. New York: Meret, 1965. Navasky, Victor. Kennedy Justice. New York: Atheneum, 1977.
  • Perkus, Cathy, ed. Cointelpro: The FBI’s Secret War on Political Freedom. New York: Monad Press, 1976.
  • Wright, Richard. Black Boy. New York: Harper & Row, 1937.
  • Zinn, Howard. Postwar America: 1945-1971. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973.
  • —.    SNCC: The New Abolitionists. Boston: Beacon Press, 1964.

 

Chapter 18: The Impossible Victory: Vietnam

  • Branfman, Fred. Voices from the Plain of Jars. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
  • Green, Philip, and Levinson, Sanford. Power and Community: Dissenting Essays in Political Science. New York: Pantheon, 1970. *
  • Hersch, Seymour. My Lai 4: A Report on the Massacre and Its Aftermath. New York: Random House, 1970.
  • Kovic, Ron. Born on the Fourth of July. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.
  • Lipsitz, Lewis. “On Political Belief: The Grievances of the Poor,” Power and Community: Dissenting Essays in Political Science, ed. Philip Green and Sanford Levinson. New York: Pantheon, 1970.
  • Modigliani, Andrew. “Hawks and Doves, Isolationism and Political Distrust: An Analysis of Public Opinion on Military Policy,” American Political Science Review, September 1972.
  • Pike, Douglas. Viet Cong. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1966. Schell, Jonathan. The Village of Ben Sue. New York: Knopf, 1967.
  • Zinn, Howard. Vietnam: The Logic of Withdrawal. Boston: Beacon Press, 1967.
  • —.   Pentagon Papers. 4 vols. Boston: Beacon Press, 1971. *

 

Chapter 19: Surprises

  • Akwesasne Notes. Voices from Wounded Knee, 1973. Mohawk Nation, Rooseveltown, N.Y.: Akwesasne Notes, 1974.
  • Baxandall, Rosalyn, Gordon, Linda, and Reverby, Susan, eds. America’s Working Women. New York: Random House, 1976.
  • Benston, Margaret. “The Political Economy of Women’s Liberation,” Monthly Review, Fall 1969.
  • Boston Women’s Health Book Collective. Our Bodies, Ourselves. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1976.
  • Brandon, William. The Last Americans. McGraw-Hill, 1974.
  • Brown, Dee. Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Win- ston, 1971. *
  • Brownmiller, Susan. Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1975.
  • Coles, Robert. Children of Crisis. Boston: Little, Brown, 1967.
  • Cottle, Thomas J. Children in Jail. Boston: Beacon Press, 1977.
  • The Council on Interracial Books for Children, ed. Chronicles of American Indian Protest. New York: Fawcett, 1971.
  • Deloria, Vine, Jr. Custer Died for Your Sins. New York: Macmillan, 1969.
  • —.  We Talk, You Listen. New York: Macmillan, 1970.
  • Firestone, Shulamith. The Dialectics of Sex. New York: Bantam, 1970. Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. New York: W.W. Norton, 1963. Gaylin, Willard. Partial Justice. New York: Knopf, 1974.
  • Jackson, George. Soledad Brother: The Prison Letters of George Jackson. New York: Coward McCann, 1970.
  • Lerner, Gerda, ed. Black Women in White America: A Documentary History. New York: Random House, 1977.
  • Lifton, Robert Jay, ed. The Woman in America. Boston: Beacon Press, 1967.
  • Lynd, Robert and Helen. Middletown. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1959.
  • McLuhan, T. C. Touch the Earth: A Self-Portrait of Indian Existence. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1976. *
  • Mann, Eric. Comrade George: An Investigation into the Life, Political Thought, and Assassination of George Jackson. New York: Harper & Row, 1974.
  • Mitford, Jessica. Kind and Usual Punishment: The Prison Business. New York: Knopf, 1973. *
  • Morgan, Robin, ed. Sisterhood Is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings from the Women’s Liberation Movement. New York: Random House, 1970.
  • The Prison Research Project, Urban Planning Aid. The Price of Punishment: Prisons in Massachusetts. Cambridge, Mass.: Urban Planning Aid, 1974.
  • Rich, Adrienne. Of Woman Born. New York: Bantam, 1977.
  • Rothman, David J. and Sheila, eds. Sources of American Social Tradition. New York: Basic Books, 1975.
  • Steiner, Stan. The New Indians. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.
  • Witt, Shirley Hill, and Steiner, Stan. The Way: An Anthology of American Indian Literature. New York: Knopf, 1974. *
  • Wicker, Tom. A Time to Die. New York: Quadrangle, 1975.
  • Zinn, Howard, ed. Justice in Everyday Life. New York: Morrow, 1974.

 

Chapter 20: The Seventies: Under Control?

  • Blair, John M. The Control of Oil. New York: Pantheon, 1977.
  • Dommergues, Pierre. “L’Essor Du conservatisme Americain,” Le Monde Diplomatique, May 1978.
  • Evans, Les, and Myers, Allen. Watergate and the Myth of American Democracy. New York: Pathfinder Press, 1974. *
  • Frieden, Jess. “The Trilateral Commission,” Monthly Review, December 1977.
  • Gardner, Richard. Alternative America: A Directory of 5()()() Alternative Lifestyle Groups and Organizations. Cambridge, Richard Gardner, 1976.
  • Glazer, Nathan, and Kristol, Irving. The American Commonwealth 1976. New York: Basic Books, 1976.
  • New York Times. The Watergate Hearings. Bantam, 1973.
  • U.S., Congress, Senate Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities. Hearings. 94th Congress. 1976. *

 

Chapter 21: Carter-Reagan-Bush: The Bipartisan Concensus

  • Barlett, Donald, and Steele, James. America: What Went Wrong? Kansas City: Andrews & McMeel, 1992.
  • Barlett, Donald, and Steele, James. America: Who Really Pays the Taxes? New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
  • Chomsky, Noam. World Orders Old and New. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
  • Croteau, David, and Hoynes, William. By Invitation Only: How the Media Limit the Political Debate. Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1994.
  • Danaher, Kevin, ed. 50 Years Is Enough: The Case Against the World Bank. Boston: South End Press, 1994.
  • Derber, Charles. Money, Murder and the American Dream. Boston: Faber & Faber, 1992.
  • Edsall, Thomas and Mary. Chain Reaction. New York: W W Norton, 1992.
  • Ehrenreich, Barbara. The Worst Years of Our Lives. New York: HarperCollins, 1990.
  • Greider, William. Who Will Tell the People? New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.
  • Grover, William F. The President as Prisoner. Albany: State University of New York, 1989.
  • Hellinger, Daniel, and Judd, Dennis. The Democratic Facade. Pacific Grove, California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, 1991.
  • Hofstadter, Richard. The American Political Tradition. New York: Vintage, 1974.
  • Kozol, Jonathan. Savage Inequalities: Children in America’s Schools. New York: Crown Publishers, 1991.
  • Piven, Frances Fox, and Cloward, Richard. Regulating the Poor. New York: Vintage Books, 1993.
  • Rosenberg, Gerald N. The Hollow Hope. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.
  • Savage, David. Turning Right: The Making of the Rehnquist Supreme Court. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1992.
  • Sexton, Patricia Cayo. The War on Labor and the Left. Boulder: Westview Press, 1991.
  • Shalom, Stephen. Imperial Alibis. Boston: South End Press, 1993.

Chapter 22: The Unreported Resistance

  • Ewen, Alexander, ed. Voice of Indigenous Peoples. Santa Fe, New Mexico: Clear Light Publishers, 1994.
  • Grover, William, and Peschek, Joseph, ed. Voices of Dissent. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.
  • Loeb, Paul. Generations at the Crossroads. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1994.
  • Lofland, John. Polite Protesters: The American Peace Movement of the 1980s. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1993.
  • Lynd, Staughton and Alice. Nonviolence in America: A Documentary History. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1995.
  • Martinez, Elizabeth, ed. 500 Years of Chicano History. Albuquerque: Southwest Organizing Project, 1991.
  • Piven, Frances, and Cloward, Richard. Why Americans Don’t Vote. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988.
  • Vanneman, Reeve, and Cannon, Lynn. The American Perception of Class. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987.

NOTE: Much of the material in this chapter comes from my own files of social action by organizations around the country, from my collection of news clippings, and from publications outside the mainstream, including: The Nation, In These Times, The Nuclear Resister, Peacework, The Resist Newsletter, Rethinking Schools, Indigenous Thought.

Chapter 22: The Unreported Resistance

  • Ewen, Alexander, ed. Voice of Indigenous Peoples. Santa Fe, New Mexico: Clear Light Publishers, 1994.
  • Grover, William, and Peschek, Joseph, ed. Voices of Dissent. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.
  • Loeb, Paul. Generations at the Crossroads. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1994.
  • Lofland, John. Polite Protesters: The American Peace Movement of the 1980s. Syracuse: Sy r acuse University Press, 1993.
  • Lynd, Staughton and Alice. Nonviolence in America: A Documentary History. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1995.
  • Martinez, Elizabeth, ed. 500 Years of Chicano History. Albuquerque: Southwest Organizing Project, 1991.
  • Piven, Frances, and Cloward, Richard. Why Americans Don’t Vote. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988.
  • Vanneman, Reeve, and Cannon, Lynn. The American Perception of Class. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987.

NOTE: Much of the material in this chapter comes from my own files of social action by organizations around the country, from my collection of news clippings, and from publications outside the mainstream, including: The Nation., In These Times, The Nuclear Resister, Peacework, The Resist Newsletter, Rethinking Schools, Indigenous Thought.

Chapter 23: The Coming Revolt of the Guards

  • Bryan, C. D. B. Friendly Fire. New York: Putnam, 1976.
  • Levin, Murray B. The Alienated Voter. New York: Irvington, 1971.
  • Warren, Donald I. The Radical Center: Middle America and the Politics of Alienation. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976.
  • Weizenbaum, Joseph. Computer Power and Human Reason. San Francisco: Freeman, 1976.

Chapter 24: The Clinton Presidency

  • Bagdikian, Ben. The Media Monopoly. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.
  • Chomsky, Noam. World Orders, Old and New. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
  • Dowd, Doug. Blues for America. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1997.
  • Garrow, David. Bearing the Cross. New York: Morrow, 1986.
  • Greider, William. One World or Not. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.
  • Kuttner, Robert. Everything for Sale. New York: Knopf, 1997.
  • Smith, Sam. Shadows of Hope: A Freethinker’s Guide to Politics in the Time of Clinton. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.
  • Solomon, Norman. False Hope: The Politics of Illusion in the Clinton Era. Monroe,
    Maine: Common Courage Press, 1994.
  • The State of America’s Children. Washington, D.C.: Children’s Defense Fund, 1994.
  • Tirman, John. Spoils o f War: The Human Cost of the Arms Trade. New York: FreePress, 1997.

 

Chapter 25: The 2000 Election and the “War on Terrorism”

  • Ahmad, Eqbal. Terrorism, Theirs and Ours. (Interviews with David Barsamian). New York: Seven Stories Press, 2001.
  • Brecher, Jeremy, Costello, Tim, and Smith, Brendan. Globalization from Below. Boston: South End Press, 2002.
  • Chomsky, Noam. 9-11. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002.
  • Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickeled and Dimed. New York: Henr y Holt, 2001.
  • Kaplan, Daniel. The Accidental President. New York: HarperCollins, 2000.
  • Lapham, Lewis. Theater o f War. New York: The New Press, 2002.
  • Nader, Ralph. Crashing the Party. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2001.
  • Zinn, Howard. Terrorism and War. (Interviews with Anthony Arnove). New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002.
Voices of a People's History, 10th Anniversary Edition
Voices of a People’s History of the United States

Voices of a People’s History is the companion volume to Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States featuring selected testimonies to living history—speeches, letters, poems, songs—left by the people who make history happen but who usually are left out of history books. Voices of a People’s History is a symphony of our nation’s original voices, rich in ideas and actions, the embodiment of the power of civil disobedience and dissent wherein lies our nation’s true spirit of defiance and resilience. Read more.

 

The People Speak – Extended Edition

The People Speak, the feature documentary inspired by A People’s History of the United States and based on live readings of Voices of a People’s History of the United States, offers readings and performances of letters, diary entries, speeches, and songs from throughout U.S. history. Read more.